Midden site investigated along the Rufane River (EC)

Local farmer Dave Legg, a friend of outdoorsman Dave Marais kindly allowed the museum access to a site which had recently been exposed by natural erosion revealing a coastal midden (a refuse site for discarded shells by pre-history inhabitants). The midden was measured and photographed for future research.


Middens are an important record of the types of high protein food sources (mussels and cockels) taken by the early Khoi and San cultures in this part of the world.


The site also revealed a discoloured solid mass of lithified sandstone (illustrated above) which indicated that the spot had been used to cook or heat material. Natural dune slumping in the area was attributed to heavy rains.

About East London Museum Science

Conservation Biologist East London Museum South Africa
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